Blockchains have different methods of rewarding users for participating in their networks. When Bitcoin got introduced, PoW (Proof of Work) rewarded miners for confirming transactions. A few years later, in 2012, the concept of PoS (Proof of Stake) was introduced as well.
In this article, we will talk about the rewarding process of PoS and review the best staking coins for 2020. After reading this guide, you should have a good idea of the technology behind these coins, their requirements for staking and how you can earn passive income.
How does Staking work?
Staking is an incentive mechanism that rewards holders of certain cryptocurrencies for their contribution to the network. The size of the reward depends on the number of coins these network participants are holding in their wallets.
This rewarding process takes a more democratic approach, unlike mining. Here, everyone has a good chance of compensation whereas, in PoW, only the most powerful miners have that privilege. Staking also gives an additional reason to hold onto specific coins for longer periods of time.
Moreover, PoS Blockchains do not rely on mining hardware to verify transactions. They allow their participants to become validators, simply by depositing and locking a certain number of coins on the network.
Overall, PoS presents several benefits when compared with PoW:
- Better Energy Efficiency – To get coin rewards you don’t necessarily need mining equipment. Only a selected number of validators (top representatives) require these.
- Democratic reward system – Every user that is staking receives a part of these rewards depending on their coin holdings.
- Lower upfront cost – Unless you are running a validator node, all you have to do to start making profits is to invest in a coin.
- Better scalability – PoS achieves better speed with less computation, bandwidth, and storage.
To summarize, in a PoS environment, validators are rewarded based on the number of coins they hold. The more coins they lock in the network, the higher their potential rewards.
Best Staking coins for 2020
Since staking is trending in the crypto industry, we decided to create a list with the best option available. Here are the 5 best staking coins for 2020.
Ethereum is one of the most popular cryptocurrencies, coming second in market capitalization, after Bitcoin.
Its main goal is to provide a “decentralized supercomputer”, allowing anyone to develop and deploy dApps and smart contracts
Currently, Ether (ETH), the native cryptocurrency of the Ethereum Blockchain, is received as a reward through GPU mining on a PoW system (much like Bitcoin is mined).
However, as we mentioned before, PoW doesn’t do well with scaling.
For Ethereum developers, this became most apparent with the popularity increase of Cryptokitties, slowed down transactions leading to an increase in gas limits by Ethereum miners.
Due to these events, it was decided that Ethereum will switch to a PoS blockchain in January 2020. Let’s see how this will work and why ETH might become one of the best staking coins in the market.
How staking on ETH will work
Current information indicates that the validators on Ethereum’s PoS network will be rewarded by earning interest on their locked-in Ether on an annual basis.
The minimum amount of ETH required to become a validator is 32 ETH, an amount which roughly equates to $4700 at the time of writing.
This might sound a bit expensive, and not everyone will be able to afford this many Ethers on their own. Thankfully, staking pools help with that. By joining a staking pool you can start getting rewards with as little as 1 ETH.
The expected annual rewards for Ethereum staking is between 4.5% and 10.4% per annum. This number depends on the amount of Ethereum that gets locked up for staking. As such, and due to the coin’s popularity, it is best to assume that you will receive the low end of the rewards.
Also, it’s important to remember that running a node will cost about $120 a year and running a validator client costs around $60 a year. This is an additional expense you need to keep in mind.
To conclude, Ethereum 2.0 is a really positive event for the community. It is expected that the value of the tokens will increase thanks to Ethereum’s new money-making potential.
TRON (TRX) is the love child of controversial Chinese crypto entrepreneur Justin Sun. The cryptocurrency’s purpose is to create a decentralized content entertainment system on the Blockchain.
But apart from its aspiring goal and its high position in the list with the best cryptocurrencies, Tron also offers its users the possibility of Staking.
How TRX staking works
TRX is based on a slightly different staking protocol which is known as Delegated Proof of Stake (DPoS).
DPoS introduces a democratic voting system, wherein, instead of randomly being chosen by the number of coins they stake, block validators are elected by the participants of the network.
More precisely, TRX holders are divided into three different categories:
- Token Holders – holders of any given amount of TRX.
- Super Representative candidates – 100 entities elected through voting by the entire token holder community. Elections are held once every 24 hours.
- Super Representatives (SR) – 27 node runners elected through voting by all token holders every 24 hours. SRs play a key role in governing the TRON community and ensuring basic Blockchain functions like block generation. They are rewarded accordingly for their efforts through block rewards.
In the network, the different SRs give different staking rewards to those who vote for them. You can check the rewards each SR team offers on Tokengoodies.
To start staking your TRX, you will need to vote for one of the 27 SR from the list. Here’s how it works in a few simple steps:
- Open a TRX wallet on tronscan.org
- Buy and store some TRX on your newly created wallet. You can do this using Paybis exchange.
- Once your coins become visible in your wallet, you can create Tron voting power by freezing a desired amount of tokens. Your Tron Power will depend on the number of tokens you freeze. The more voting power, the better your voting rewards.
- Go on the voting page and vote for one of the SR you want to elect as a validator. Please note that no TRX is actually consumed for voting, only voting power. The entire amount will remain frozen and you can trade them again once the locking period is over.
That’s it! After a while, your TRX balance should start to increase.
This comprehensive video guides you through the whole process, from creating a wallet to finally casting your vote for the SR of your choice.
Decred tries to solve the centralization of big mining companies on PoW systems by giving back the decision power to the users with a hybrid PoS+PoW system.
Here, hardware miners still receive block rewards, while staking validators are also incentivized.
The rewards from mining blocks are divided as follows:
- 60% goes to the PoW miner who found the block.
- 30% goes to the PoS voters on that block.
- 10% goes towards the development subsidy.
How Staking Decred Works
Decred (DCR) holders can stake their coins by investing in a ticket that gives them voting power on the network. This is done through their official Decredition wallet.
Ticket prices are determined by the difficulty algorithm of the Blockchain. The more users there are, the more expensive the tickets get.
You can buy tickets manually (offers you more control) or automatically (more convenient, but need to be online 24/7)
Once users purchase a ticket, the system acts as a lottery, randomly selecting one of the 40,820 active tickets. The median selection time is 4 weeks (28 days), but keep in mind that it can last up to 4 months (max 144 days).
The selected ticket owner then votes, and receives their staked DCR back (the price of the ticket) plus the staking rewards that vary through time. Currently, Decred Staking offers between 8% and 4% in annual returns, which is pretty decent, especially for mid-term returns.
The voting process is divided into two different categories, Solo and Voting Service Provider voting. If you plan on staking Decred, it might be worth exploring how this works.
Furthermore, Decred also offers “Ticket Splitting”, which allows users to split the cost of the ticket with others. The rewards are proportional to the DCR invested towards the ticket.
Here’s a video from the official Decred team explaining how this works:
Neblio (NEBL) might not be the most popular cryptocurrency on this list, but it certainly makes up for this by proposing the highest staking ROI on the market.
It’s a dApps platform that emphasizes its ease of use for new developers and allows for easy tokenization of physical and digital assets without technical experience.
So, let’s see how Neblio staking works:
Neblio Staking process
Neblio’s Blockchain is kept secure through a classic PoS system. Users stake NEBL coins to secure the network and get rewards for the time spent staking.
The staking process is fairly straightforward, as it doesn’t involve more complicated mechanics like voting or ticket purchasing.
Before we explain it, we should mention two important properties of the tokens: token age, and total weight. These are taken into account when the system determines the winner and the amount of the rewards.
Worth noting is that tokens have a minimum and maximum “age” where they can “gain weight”.
- The minimum time for staking is 24 hours.
- The maximum time for staking is 7 days. After this, “age” and “weight” stops accumulating.
As for the rewards that are currently being distributed, Stakingrewards reports a staggering 26% to 36% ROI on a yearly basis.
Next, let’s see how this works in practice.
Before you start, ensure you have the latest version of the Neblio Core wallet and some NEBL coins stored on it.
After that, follow these steps:
- Download and install the Neblio Core wallet.
- Send some NEBL to your newly created wallet’s public address.
- Encrypt your wallet for better security.
- Unlock your wallet for staking (go into Settings->Unlock).
The small coin icon at the bottom of the wallet will indicate the status of your wallet. If it’s black, you are staking. If it’s grey, you still need to sync or unlock your wallet.
For a more detailed explanation of the process, here’s a video that takes you through the process step by step:
ICON (ICX) aims to build the largest decentralized network in the world. To do this, they are building a massive platform, known as ICON Republic, which helps various Blockchains connect with each other.
Apart from that, the ICON protocol offers a decentralized exchange (DEX) where the connected communities exchange value instantly and globally.
ICON’s Blockchain works on a PoS system and the staking process is similar to that of Tron’s DPoS voting.
How Staking ICON Works
The staking process is similar to Tron’s in that it’s based on voting for Public Representatives (P-Reps).
You can use the ICONex wallet interface to navigate the P-Reps or validators of the network and delegate an amount of your staked ICX to up to 10 different P-Rep teams.
After the validation of a new block, the distribution of rewards reflects the staked amount. Sources report between 6% and 36% of annualized returns, with Staking rewards setting it somewhere in the middle, between 13% and 19%.
As ICON staking gets more popular, rewards will eventually decrease.
For more information on the P-Reps, you can check this page, where each one of them states their business proposal and why users should vote for them.
There are 22 validators P-Reps and 78 others that are candidates. Candidates become validators once they get enough votes.
Staking itself is pretty simple:
- Download and install an ICOex Wallet
- Deposit some ICX on it and get some voting power by staking your coins (Voting->Adjust->Stake)
- Select up to 10 P-Reps and delegate a percentage of your staked coins accordingly. You can change these percentages anytime, even when you are staking coins.
- Press on “vote” to complete the process.
- When staking on ICON, you receive I-Score that can be exchanged for ICX. In the Voting tab, just click on “Claim”, enter your password and you will receive the rewards directly in your wallet.
Check out this tutorial on staking by the ICONation official youtube channel:
Becoming a P-Rep might also be a great business opportunity. However, keep in mind that running a node is quite expensive as it requires a minimum of 1.610.092 ICX. This translates into about $220.000 at the moment of writing.
All in all, staking cryptocurrencies seems like a decent way to start earning passive income.
Here’s a quick summary of the 5 best staking coins comprised in our list:
- Ethereum (ETH) – This popular crypto ticks all the boxes that might make it a successful staking coin when it switches to the new PoS protocol. It has good liquidity, overwhelming developer support and the ROI predictions are decent.
- Tron (TRX) – The lifting of the ban on cryptocurrencies and newfound enthusiasm for Blockchain technology from the Chinese government might help Tron get the final push to become the crypto powerhouse it aspires to be.
- Decred (DCR) – Offering decent returns for a mid-term investment and excellent flexibility, Decred is certainly worth checking out.
- Neblio (NEBL) – Neblio offers amazing ROI (over 25%!). Additionally, it has a simple staking system for increased ease of use. Although, you might find it challenging to find a buyer on the market due to its low liquidity.
- ICON (ICX) – Icon is an ambitious project and staking ICX is still a new venture as it’s been available only since August 2019. There aren’t too many locked coins on the network yet, so the ROI is very good (over 15%) and can present a good investment.
Hopefully, this list provides a helping hand when deciding which coins are worth staking. While the expected rewards are not set in stone, this is a great way for long-term holders to make a decent amount of passive income.
Let us know if you have any questions or information you wish to add, by leaving a comment below.